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The Ever-Changing Oaths of Doctors

Is There Such a Thing As a Doctors Oath?

Thousands of medical students swear a doctors oath each year. They recite modern versions of the Hippocratic Oath, which keep original values in place and address advances in medicine and societal changes.

These modern oaths often include tenets such as preserving patient privacy, advocating interprofessional teamwork, and striving to erase unconscious biases. They also may foreswear euthanasia and abortion or commit to never revealing secrets about patients.

The Hippocratic Oath

Many of the pledges in the Hippocratic Oath still hold relevance in today’s world, despite 2,500 years of advancement in medicine and technology. However, not all medical schools use the same version of the Oath.

Many modern oaths, including the Declaration of Geneva adopted by the World Medical Association in 1948 and periodically updated, build upon Hippocrates’ principles and include promises not to commit medical fraud, not to withhold treatment from patients, and not to disclose confidential information.

The oath also includes a promise to promote health knowledge by sharing medical information with colleagues and students. This is a key point that has come under challenge in recent years as medical education has shifted from being a solo endeavor to a team-based, collaborative practice. It’s important for all healthcare providers, regardless of discipline, to share and be transparent about their expertise. This is one of the foundations of modern medicine. It is the best way to ensure patient safety and prevent errors.


Many doctors today take the Hippocratic Oath upon graduating from medical school. This is a ritual that dates back almost 2000 years and is often accompanied by an elaborate ceremony. The oath embodies principles such as beneficence, gratitude, confidentiality and humility.

It is important to note that the first principle of the oath, “primum non nocere,” does not actually appear in the original Hippocratic Oath. This phrase was added in a few centuries later, most likely during the translation of the Oath into Roman Latin by Cato and others in the first century B.C.

The oath also contains some seemingly strange rules for physicians, such as demanding free tuition for students and urging them to never use a knife or cut their patients. The oath also mentions Apollo and other Greek gods. Bioethicist Steven Miles suggests that these names were used to remind physicians of the high standards of medicine and the need to remember their own mortality.


Since the time of Hippocrates, the world has experienced huge scientific and social changes that have placed new demands on physicians. These demands include malpractice issues, government regulation, third-payer healthcare systems, and advances in technology and pharmaceutical companies that allow doctors to treat more patients than ever before. These changes have made some people feel that the Hippocratic Oath is irrelevant.

Many modern doctors have come to believe that the oath’s content no longer addresses their ethical concerns, such as abortion and physician-assisted suicide. They also complain that the oath does not help resolve some of the more pressing medical issues today, such as the growing demand for patient privacy and the need to treat patients with lethal new diseases like AIDS or Ebola.

Regardless of their beliefs, many medical students continue to take some form of the Hippocratic Oath or similar pledges. The debate over the significance of such an oath or pledge will probably continue as long as there are different cultures and views on the value of human life.


Despite the fact that 98% of American medical students swear some form of oath upon entering or graduating from school, most oaths do not have much in common. A survey of 105 different oaths found that no single element appeared in all oaths.

The oaths that do exist today usually start with a reference to patients as primary objects of care. In addition to putting the patient first, modern oaths often include pledges to respect the autonomy and dignity of all patients. Psychiatrists, for example, are required to inform authorities of any suspected cases of child abuse. Failure to do so could result in a fine or imprisonment.

The Hippocratic Oath prohibits abortion and euthanasia, but it does not address many modern issues such as vegetative states or the right to die with dignity. Furthermore, the original oath calls for free tuition for medical students, but that is an impossibility in this day and age when healthcare is largely public funded.

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The Salary and Benefits of Doctors Without Borders

Doctors Without Borders Salary

Doctors without borders, or MSF, is a humanitarian organization famous for its dangerous missions around the world. Many medical professionals sacrifice their salaries to work for the organization, which offers stipends and full insurance coverage for field assignments.

Before you can join the team, you must complete a training course. This process can take several months.


Physicians with Doctors Without Borders, or MSF, are known for their steadfast dedication to providing medical care in war zones and disaster areas. While they do not earn the salaries of their peers in private practice, MSF pays physicians for their work and provides benefits such as round-trip airfare to their place of employment, a monthly per diem allowance paid in local currency while in the field, and basic personal items like toiletries.

MSF is an international charity that raises about 89 percent of its funding from general public donations. MSF packages reflect the humanitarian spirit of its workers and recognize that medical professionals volunteer their time and expertise to support global health programs. They include an initial indemnity of approximately 1,100-1,300 EURO gross credited to the worker’s bank account each month and are recalculated after 12 months of service. In addition, MSF covers all expenses related to their mission. These include round trip economy air travel, accommodation in the country of assignment and a monthly stipend allowance to cover daily living expenses.

Nurses & Midwives

Nurses and midwives with experience working in resource-limited settings are needed by international volunteer organizations such as Doctors Without Borders/Medecins Sans Frontieres (MSF). These medical relief groups work with doctors to provide direct assistance to people in countries where health or sanitation systems have collapsed. They are often responding to armed conflict, natural disasters, disease epidemics or malnutrition crises.

MSF workers say they are motivated by a deep sense of empathy and a strong belief in the worth of every human life. They often accept risks and challenges that would not be attractive to many others. They may spend years away from their families and friends in the name of helping those in need.

MSF pays its medical staff modest stipends, provides full insurance coverage and covers travel expenses, vaccinations and other work-related costs. It also offers a variety of career development opportunities. It has protocols, guidelines and references that are regularly updated for each project it supports.


Physicians working with MSF (Medicins Sans Frontieres) earn a salary that reflects the humanitarian spirit of volunteerism rather than market value. They also receive comprehensive medical and travel insurance, a stipend for expenses, and regular raises as they gain experience.

Nurses and midwives play an important role in the work of MSF, particularly when dealing with war-ravaged areas or disease epidemics. They are often asked to take part in a variety of healthcare initiatives such as organizing a vaccination program, triaging an influx of displaced people, or running a feeding center.

If you are looking for a way to experience medical volunteering, but do not meet the MSF requirements, there are reputable alternatives that offer shorter programs and do not have strict age or health restrictions. IVHQ, for example, offers a range of impactful medical and healthcare volunteer programs in various countries around the world. IVHQ has a longstanding relationship with local partners to provide volunteers with an authentic and safe experience abroad.


Doctors without Borders is an international humanitarian medical organization that provides independent medical humanitarian aid to people affected by armed conflict, epidemics, disasters, malnutrition, and exclusion from healthcare. They do not discriminate on the basis of political or religious beliefs, ethnicity, gender, or social class.

Medical professionals who work for MSF have a deep commitment to helping others and are willing to put themselves in difficult and dangerous situations. In addition to modest stipends, MSF pays for travel arrangements, living expenses, and insurance coverage.

MSF is a great place to work for if you have the dedication, selflessness, and flexibility needed to take on an overseas assignment. It’s also a great place to get experience in the medical field before applying for a job in the private sector or for a residency.

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Revolutionizing online gaming and sports betting with the innovative Toto solution.

In the bustling digital age, the sphere of online gaming and sports betting has witnessed a meteoric rise in popularity, with platforms continually elevating user experience to unprecedented heights. A pivotal force behind this surge is the innovative 토토솔루션 or Toto solution, a comprehensive system revolutionizing the industry.

Toto solution merges cutting-edge technology and user-centered design, creating environments where enthusiasts can engage in sports betting with peace of mind, knowing they are operating within a secure and reliable framework. This solution places a strong emphasis on integrating security features that safeguard user data and transactions, thereby building a trustworthy foundation for all involved.

The heart of a Toto solution lies in its robust platform, meticulously engineered to provide seamless navigation and straightforward user interfaces. This user-friendliness ensures newcomers and seasoned bettors alike can easily traverse the intricacies of online betting without the need to navigate through convoluted processes.

A key aspect of any Toto solution’s allure is its versatility. Whether one’s interest lies in football, basketball, baseball, or a niche sporting event, Toto platforms are tailored to meet the demands of a diverse audience. Real-time updates, odds calculations, and statistics are only a sliver of the functionalities that these solutions present, all working in unison to deliver a top-tier betting experience.

Moreover, the adaptability of Toto solutions extends beyond the realms of sports, tapping into various forms of entertainment and live events. This multifaceted approach ensures users have a broad selection of betting options, fueling the thrill of the gamble with a variety of stakes on the line.

Transitioning towards the backend, operators utilizing Toto solutions have the power to control and manage their systems with utmost efficiency. Customization tools and manageable dashboards offer a level of control that is paramount for maintaining a successful betting platform. The ease with which these systems can be updated and adapted to changing market conditions or user preferences underscores the forward-thinking nature of Toto solutions.

As we draw to a close, it is evident that the Toto solution is not just a mere framework; it’s a stepping stone towards a more inclusive and exhilarating future of online betting. By fostering a secure, enjoyable, and dynamic betting atmosphere, Toto solutions are reshaping the landscape, making the world of sports betting more accessible and engaging than ever before.


1. What is a Toto solution?
Toto solution is a platform that provides technology for online gaming and sports betting, ensuring security, ease of use, and a wide range of features for both users and operators.

2. Why is security important for a Toto solution?
Security is critical as it protects user data and transactions, which helps maintain trust and integrity in the online betting community.

3. Can Toto solutions be customized for different sports?
Yes, Toto solutions are highly versatile and can be tailored to cater to various sports and forms of entertainment, providing real-time updates and odds for numerous events.

4. How user-friendly are Toto solutions for new bettors?
Toto solutions are designed with intuitive interfaces to ensure that even individuals new to online betting can easily navigate and engage with the platform.

5. Do Toto solutions offer real-time updates?
Yes, part of the comprehensive feature set of Toto solutions includes real-time updates and statistics, which are crucial for bettors to make informed decisions.

4 min read 0

Types of Eye Care Professionals

Ophthalmologists Are Doctors That Specialize in Eye Care

The training required to become an ophthalmologist is very rigorous. They obtain a bachelor’s degree, then four years of medical school followed by a year of residency.

Getting an eye exam from a certified ophthalmologist could save your eyesight. But how do you know which doctors to visit? There are three different types of eye health professionals.


Ophthalmologists are medical doctors that specialize in eye care. They have gone through four years of undergraduate university and four years of medical school before completing five years of ophthalmology residency training in the medical and surgical treatment of eyes. They may choose to subspecialize in a specific area of ophthalmology such as glaucoma, retinal conditions, pediatrics, neurology or plastic surgery which will add an extra year or more of intense and focused medical/surgical training.

Unlike optometrists, who have a Doctor of Optometry (OD) degree and did not attend medical school, ophthalmologists are qualified to diagnose and treat all types of eye related diseases and perform surgeries on the eye. Ophthalmologists are able to prescribe any medication that can be administered by mouth or through the eye (drops) including schedule controlled drugs. They use a variety of tests to determine your prescription for glasses or contact lenses, including rebound and indentation tonometry, where the front of your eye is numb and pressed against a handheld device that measures how much force is needed to indent your cornea.


Doctors of Optometry, referred to as optometrists in Canada, are regulated healthcare professionals who perform eye exams and vision tests. They are trained in detecting and managing common eye diseases and conditions, as well as counselling patients on surgical and non-surgical options that best meet their occupations, avocations, and lifestyles.

They also examine the ocular manifestations of systemic diseases, including diabetes. For example, an optometrist may measure a patient’s intraocular pressure (IOP) with a handheld tonometer.

The growing population that recognizes the importance of preventative health and eye care has contributed to increased demand for optometrists. In addition, an increasing number of health insurance plans include coverage for optometry services. Some optometrists are licensed to prescribe scheduled medicines, which enables them to address some of the eye related symptoms of certain diseases and disorders. They may also refer patients to ophthalmologists for official diagnosis and treatment. They often work as part of a team with other eye specialists and healthcare science staff.

Ophthalmic Registered Nurses

As nurses are a key part of healthcare teams, their input is crucial. They are responsible for the care and support of patients and can offer a wide range of clinical services, including instilling eye drops and assessing patient care. They can also perform some minor surgical procedures.

Nurses can be highly effective in educating patients on the symptoms of eye problems and how to manage them at home, which can help to reduce the risk of complications. Nurses can also help patients cope with the psychological impacts of sight loss and visual impairment, especially if they are living with this long term condition.

Nurses can begin their careers by earning a nursing degree from an accredited university or college, and then passing the National Council Licensure Examination to become registered nurses (RNs). They will then be able to apply for positions in specific areas such as ophthalmology. They will need to take additional courses and training to ensure they have the required ophthalmic skills and knowledge.

Ophthalmic Technicians

As a step up from ophthalmic assistants, these clinical workers have more formal, post-high school education and training. They are familiar with ophthalmic pharmacology and have specific job duties that include preparing instruments, performing diagnostic tests and instructing patients on medication use.

In addition to assisting with eye examinations and tests, they also perform various administrative tasks as directed by the physician. Some of these may include preparing medications, calling pharmacies for prescription refills and answering patient questions.

There are two-year schools that offer ophthalmic medical technician programs, and those who obtain certification can improve their chances of career advancement within the field. These health care professionals can make the most of their eye care knowledge by staying current on new technologies and procedures. They also need to have good interpersonal skills as they work with a variety of people in the workplace. The BLS reports that ophthalmic medical technicians made a median salary of $37,180 in 2021.

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Experience the thrill of MLB broadcasts with ‘mlb중계’: streaming games in real-time, immersing fans worldwide in America’s favorite pastime.

Baseball has long captured the hearts of sports enthusiasts worldwide, and its appeal is unceasing. Within the tapestry woven by the crack of the bat and the roar of the crowd lies a digital thread, enabling fans to witness every pivotal moment via ‘mlb중계‘, or MLB broadcasts. The ability to stream games real-time has revolutionized fandom, providing an intimate ballpark experience from the comfort of one’s home or on the move.

Imagine the excitement of catching the latest game of your favorite team, the New York Yankees or the LA Dodgers, as if you were there, surrounded by thousands of cheering fans. MLB broadcasts provide a sense of unity and participation, bridging distances and time zones, allowing a global audience to partake in America’s favorite pastime. This phenomenon brings every strike, every home run, and the subtle strategies employed by the teams to a screen near you.

Streaming platforms and dedicated sports networks have made accessing ‘mlb중계’ easier than ever. Whether you’re a die-hard supporter or a casual observer, you can tune in to witness epic showdowns and the rise of future legends. Engage in the social aspect by sharing your thoughts and predictions online with a like-minded community, further enhancing the interactive aspect of the viewing experience.

What’s more, the quality of broadcasts has reached unprecedented heights, with high-definition visuals and crisp audio capable of making every pitch feel palpably tense. Multiple camera angles capture the action, ensuring not a single detail is missed, whether it’s the pitcher’s intense focus or the batter’s split-second decision-making.

As we head toward the concluding paragraph, it feels necessary to ponder the fabric of MLB and its digital evolution. Generations nurtured by the sounds of the game on the radio now witness its glory unfold in high-definition broadcasts. This phenomenon isn’t just about leisure; it’s a testament to technology’s power to bring us closer to the things we love.

The future of MLB broadcasts is promising, with advancements such as virtual reality inching closer to offering an even more immersive experience. Perhaps soon, fans will not only watch the game from their chosen device but step into the cleats of their favorite players, feeling the adrenaline of standing on the diamond with thousands of eyes upon them.

For those seeking to indulge in MLB through digital broadcasts, remember to check out platforms that provide ‘mlb중계’, ensuring you are part of every nail-biting moment of the season.

Now, swing into the FAQs and ensure your knowledge of MLB broadcasts is as solid as a home run hitter’s stance.


1. What does ‘mlb중계’ mean?
‘Mlb중계’ translates to MLB broadcasts in Korean, referring to the live streaming or telecasting of Major League Baseball games.

2. Can I watch MLB games online in high definition?
Yes, many streaming services and platforms offer high-definition viewing options for MLB games.

3. Are there any services that offer MLB broadcasts in languages other than English?
Yes, certain platforms provide MLB game coverage in multiple languages, including Spanish, Korean, and Japanese.

4. Can I access MLB broadcasts outside of the United States?
Many MLB games are broadcast globally, but availability may depend on regional broadcasting rights. It’s advisable to check if the game is available in your area or if there are international streaming services.

5. Do I need a subscription to watch MLB broadcasts?
This typically depends on the platform. While some may offer free broadcasts with advertisements, others may require a subscription or one-time payment to access the streams.

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Weaving the Cultural Fabric: The Power of NBA중계 to Connect Fans Worldwide.

Basketball weaves through the cultural fabric as intricately as a ball through the hoop’s net. At its pinnacle, the NBA commands attention, bridging continents with the art of the game. For lovers of this spectacle, nothing surpasses the experience of a live broadcast—NBA중계—where every dunk, dribble, and dramatic moment is savored.

These broadcasts, a symphony of speed, agility, and tactical prowess, are where stars are not just born but etched into eternity. The game’s tempo, a rhythmic heartbeat, courses through the veins of fans, keeping them on the edge, clutching to the ebb and flow of the scoreline. To witness the athletic prowess of NBA titans is to watch poetry in motion, to be part of a collective breath held in anticipation.

Imagine the arena, vibrant with cheers, echoing with the screech of sneakers on polished hardwood. Here emerges the allure of accessing the game through NBA중계. It’s more than a broadcast; it’s an invitation to congregate in a digital realm, bringing together enthusiasts from Seoul to San Francisco. They share a universal language that goes beyond words—the language of basketball, spiced with an essence of competition and companionship.

The thrill of the NBA doesn’t merely lie with the final buzzer. It’s in the narrative arcs, the underdog stories, the dynasties cemented and challenged. Each game is a chapter, each season a saga lined with the cheers, chants, and sighs of its witnesses. Bringing these tales to homes and devices is the vital role of NBA중계, crafting connection in every pixel and play.

As the quarters advance, narratives unfold. The suspense builds in concert with time ticking down, suspense that only a live viewer truly knows. Fans lean into this tension, this exquisite uncertainty of live competition, each finding solace in the common thread binding them—their love for the game.

In summary, the world of NBA broadcasts is a space of unbridled passion, a live wire transmitting the essence of competition straight to the heart. With the power to unite disparate souls over a single game, it’s a medium that celebrates not only athleticism but also community. As fans gear up for another round of court-side battles, the anticipation is palpable, the connection real—even miles apart, their spirits are there, courtside, in every moment of the game.

1. How does NBA중계 enhance the viewing experience?
2. Can international viewers access NBA중계?
3. What unique aspects do live NBA broadcasts offer compared to recorded games?
4. How does the sense of community manifest in NBA중계?
5. In what ways do NBA broadcasts cater to a diverse audience?

4 min read 0

The Role of E&S Carriers in Insuring Psychiatrists and Allied Healthcare Practitioners

E&S Carriers Insure Psychiatrists

E&S carriers play a critical role in insuring higher-risk healthcare groups and physicians who don’t fit well with admitted carriers. They also provide malpractice insurance for allied healthcare practitioners, such as psychiatrists.

Dr. Smith bought his first claims-made policy effective 7/1/2005 with MedPro. He later changed to The Doctors Company and then to ProAssurance before moving to NORCAL.


The most common way that doctors gather information about a patient’s internal health is by conducting a blood test. This process is known as phlebotomy and it involves drawing blood from a vein. The sample then goes to a lab where it can be tested for various conditions. This can help a physician determine the best course of treatment for a patient.

To perform a phlebotomy, a medical professional will usually use an evacuated tube system (such as the Vacutainer; BD, Franklin Lakes, NJ) or a syringe and a needle or winged butterfly needle device. The phlebotomist will generally ask the patient to make a fist with their non-dominant hand. The phlebotomist may then tie a band called a tourniquet around the arm to engorge the vein and make it easier to locate.

Getting a job in phlebotomy requires a high school diploma and special training. The program can last anywhere from two months to a year and is often offered at vocational schools and community colleges. Those looking to enter this field should also consider accreditation as it helps ensure that the education meets set standards and that the student is prepared for the workforce. Recommendation letters and previous work experience can also boost an applicant’s chances of getting into a Phlebotomy program.

Medical Office Specialist

Medical office specialists work in all types of health care practices. These professionals are a crucial part of the administration team and often serve as the first point of contact for patients and their loved ones. Their duties include scheduling appointments, answering phones and greeting visitors. They also perform a range of administrative tasks such as recording patient information, managing electronic health records and submitting insurance claims.

Medical billing is an intricate process. Keeping track of insurance companies’ payment schedules and discounts is essential to ensure accurate and timely reimbursements. Medical office specialists also help their colleagues by coordinating with front desk personnel to ensure all medical records are current.

A medical office specialist should have strong organizational skills, an outgoing personality and a willingness to assist others. It is important to have a high level of professionalism when interacting with patients, as medical office specialists serve as the face of the healthcare company.

UEI College’s Medical Office Specialist program trains students to become vital members of the administrative healthcare team from day one. Our professional instructors will give you the tools you need to succeed in this role. Enroll today! We’ll have you working on the job in as little as 10 months.

Medical Coding & Billing

Medical billers and coders are the backbone of the healthcare revenue cycle. They’re critical liaisons between physicians’ offices, patients and insurance companies. These professionals help ensure that reimbursements are accurately documented and efficiently collected (Cantor & Lapin, 2019).

Medical coding involves interpreting clinical documentation into codes that computer systems can understand. Coders translate the notes into diagnosis codes, medical procedure codes and charge – professional and facility codes – that are then used to generate a reimbursement claim for the services provided at a clinic, hospital or other healthcare facilities. This is a time-sensitive task, since the reimbursements are tied to cash flow and ultimately help the organization stay solvent.

A medical coder’s job starts with reviewing the documentation for each patient encounter and translating those notes into the universal codes. That means that a medical coder needs to have solid knowledge of anatomy, pharmacology and disease processes as well as a keen understanding of Current Procedural Terminology (CPT) guidelines / standards. Once the coding work is complete, medical billing professionals apply the codes to submit the claim for payment. That’s when they need to be detail-oriented and able to spot any potential errors quickly, so reimbursement happens as fast as possible. In some cases, they may also need to communicate with insurance companies or other payers to resolve issues around claims.

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The Thrilling World of NBA중계: Streaming High-Octane Basketball Action Around the Globe

Basketball enthusiasts around the globe often find themselves searching for the perfect way to catch every slam dunk, crossover, and three-pointer their favorite teams make. In the quest for an immersive experience, the NBA중계 (NBA broadcast) has soared in popularity, granting access to these high-octane games to fans far beyond the American borders.

Imagine the roar of the crowd, the squeak of sneakers against the polished hardwood, and the suspenseful countdown to the final buzzer. There’s nothing quite like tuning into an NBA game live, and this thrill is what NBA중계 offers. Whether you’re a die-hard fan or a casual viewer looking to enjoy some of the best basketball action in the world, accessing a live NBA중계 is all about finding the right platform that delivers quality streaming without lag.

By now, you might be thinking, how do you tap into this adrenaline-pumping world of basketball? Simple. The internet has revolutionized how we watch sports, and with various streaming services available, all you need is a reliable connection, and you’re set to dive into the world of NBA중계. It’s like having courtside seats, minus the expensive ticket prices and concessions!

These broadcasts aren’t just a way to watch the game; they’re also a source of detailed analytics, insightful commentaries, and the chance to connect with other fans from across the world, creating a community of basketball lovers.

As the buzzer sounds and the game wraps up, you find yourself replaying the highlights in your mind – the impossible shots, the strategic plays, and the sheer athleticism of the players. This is the power of an NBA중계; it not only brings the game to you but also captures the essence of the NBA experience.

Now, for a few tips from our resident sports enthusiasts.


**1. What is NBA중계?**
NBA중계 refers to the live broadcasting of National Basketball Association games, which allows fans in Korea and other non-English speaking countries to enjoy NBA games in real-time.

**2. Where can I find NBA중계?**
You can find NBA중계 on various online streaming platforms that cater to Korean-speaking audiences. Look for reputable sites that offer high-definition streaming and reliable service.

**3. Is it possible to watch NBA중계 for free?**
Some websites and platforms may offer free streaming of NBA games, but these may come with limitations. It’s often worth investing in a subscription to a reputable service to ensure a high-quality viewing experience.

**4. Can I watch NBA중계 on my mobile device?**
Yes, many streaming services offer mobile apps or mobile-friendly websites that allow you to watch NBA중계 on your smartphone or tablet.

**5. Are NBA중계 broadcasts available in languages other than English?**
Yes, NBA중계 services often provide commentary and support in various languages, including Korean, to cater to their international audience.

4 min read 0

Guilds, unions, societies, and federations: Exploring the different forms of doctors’ organizations

What is a Doctors Organization?

The Doctors’ Organization is an international medical organization founded to promote high standards of Medical Education, Medical Science, Medical Art and Medical Ethics. It also promotes the freedom of physicians to practice their profession worldwide.

Doctors’ organizations have struggled to resist the spread of electronic medical records, which turn them into data-entry clerks. Yet they have failed to organize a movement like that of the Parkland students.

It is a trade guild

Unlike unions, which focus on bargaining between workers and employers, guilds facilitate negotiations between their own members. These negotiations may embody some of the traits of union forms of democratic group decision-making. Guilds also set standards for things like general best practices, quality, safety requirements, and standard rates.

In the past, guilds provided charity and social support to their members. They also acted as a source of legitimacy, with some guilds having royal patronage. For example, surgeons in London belonged to the Barber’s Company and gained political influence through their large number and their status as an established guild.

Today, doctors can form a similar organization that will focus on the needs of patients. Such an organization could tackle the profound changes on the horizon for the medical profession. It might challenge anti-vaxxers; decry predatory, unregulated stem-cell clinics; and promote awareness of the health hazards of climate change. It could even free doctors from the tyranny of the keyboard by synthesizing patient data and speeding chart review.

It is a union

Considering the long-standing structure of medical residencies, the ticking-clock pressures of patient care and the fact that many young doctors are part of what polls show is one of the most pro-union generations in decades, it seems surprising that unionization among residents has been lagging. After all, the health care industry has seen nurses, custodial staff, and other workers organize in droves over the past decade and achieve major gains.

As a result, some hospitals are now pushing back, trying to discourage residents from joining unions. But that may be a mistake. Recruiting and training new doctors is an important task, and one that requires a stable work environment.

Besides, the UAPD’s Weinmann doesn’t buy the argument that joining a union makes physicians greedy or that the public will view them as more self-interested. The UAPD’s professional union negotiators are familiar with the issues facing salaried physicians, and they can help negotiate contracts that meet the needs of each group.

It is a society

A doctors’ organization is a professional society that unites physicians to achieve the highest standards of Medical Education, Medical Science, Medical Art and Medical Ethics. It disseminates health and scientific information to patients, doctors, and the public, and advocates for its own position in national and international governmental bodies and agencies. It also helps to set standards for medical schools and internship programs, and tries to detect and alert the public to quack medical remedies and charlatans.

It’s possible to imagine a doctors’ organization that has nothing to do with protecting trade guild interests, but everything to do with restoring the doctor-patient relationship. Such an organization could confront the transformative challenges that the profession is facing adroitly, instead of devoting so much time to administrative tasks that only thirteen per cent of doctors’ days are spent on patient care. It would have strong physician leadership, and a culture of clear, shared aims that enable meaningful performance measurement.

It is a federation

A doctors organization is a non-profit with a governance structure that enables the members to vote on strategic directions and ventures. Its primary mission is to serve humanity by promoting the science and art of medicine, protecting public health and encouraging the best in medical education. It also works for high standards of ethical behaviour and professional competence.

The organization provides confidential assessment, referral to treatment, resources and monitoring for physicians/healthcare professionals and medical students who may be impaired due to mental illness or substance use. This can be an important step in ensuring safe patient care and returning the physician to practice when they are ready.

The federation includes 116 national associations of doctors and their allied organizations. It promotes the interests of its members by educating and informing the public about medicine, health and related issues, and alerting them to quacks and charlatans. It also monitors and lobbies for legislation that affects physicians.

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Boosting Immune System & Supporting Cardiovascular Health: Doctor’s Best Vitamin C

The Doctor’s Best Vitamin C

Studies indicate that vitamin c prevents and alleviates cold symptoms. It is also a powerful antioxidant and supports the activity of enzymes in the body.

Doctor’s Best Vitamin C uses Quali-C, a patented form of ascorbic acid manufactured in Scotland and prized for its quality and reliability. This essential nutrient is critical for the synthesis of collagen, carnitine and certain brain chemical transmitters, as well as iron absorption.

Boosts Immune System

When Anthony Fauci, MD, director of the National Institutes of Allergy and Infection, talks about boosting your immune system, people listen. He’s right: A strong immune system can help ward off common illnesses such as the flu and colds, keep you healthy, and keep your energy levels up.

One of the most important immune system boosters is vitamin C. “Vitamin C is a natural antihistamine and helps neutralize oxidative stress, which can contribute to the development of inflammation in the body,” says registered dietitian Julia Zumpano.

Doctor’s Best vitamin c featuring quali-c is a high-potency formula with added zinc to provide optimal immune system support. Manufactured in Scotland and prized for quality and reliability, this brand of ascorbic acid is invaluable to the body for its role as an electron donor, supporting numerous metabolic enzymes in addition to enhancing the body’s total antioxidant potential, and aiding iron absorption.**

Supports Cardiovascular Health

Many studies have shown that vitamin c helps to reduce the risk of both ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke by supporting healthy blood vessel walls. It also enhances iron absorption, which is important for optimal immune function and cardiovascular health. Often overlooked, the cardiovascular system relies on a strong immune response and adequate iron levels for optimum performance.

Doctor’s Best Vitamin C features Quali-C, a patented form of ascorbic acid made in Scotland and prized for its quality and reliability. Ascorbic acid is an essential nutrient for the human body, playing a role in the synthesis of collagen, carnitine, certain neurotransmitters and iron absorption. Abundant clinical research confirms vitamin c’s fundamental support for the brain, eyes, heart and circulation, immune system and all organ systems.

Supports Eye Health

If you are looking to protect your eyesight, it’s important to eat a nutritious diet with foods rich in vitamins and minerals. The American Optometric Association recommends a nutrient-dense eating plan including omega-3s, which are found in fatty fish like salmon or tuna and some nuts and seeds; vitamin C; the antioxidants lutein and zeaxanthin; as well as other essential vitamins and nutrients.

Doctor’s Best uses Quali-C, a brand of ascorbic acid (also known as ascorbate) manufactured in Scotland and prized for its quality. Vitamin C is indispensable for the synthesis of collagen, carnitine and certain brain chemical transmitters, and clinical research confirms it provides fundamental support for the immune system, eyes, heart and circulation, and all organ systems. It is also an electron donor, supporting numerous enzymes and enhancing the body’s total antioxidant potential.

Supports Iron Absorption

Iron is a crucial nutrient that produces hemoglobin, which helps transport oxygen throughout the body. However, many people don’t get the recommended amount of iron from their diets—especially plant-based eaters, who need twice as much iron as meat-eaters. Insufficient iron is a leading cause of anemia.

Adding iron-rich foods like leafy green vegetables and fortified cereals to your diet can help you meet your daily requirement, but it’s important to pair them with vitamin C to maximize absorption. Vitamin C—also known as ascorbic acid—counteracts the polyphenols and phytates in these foods that inhibit iron absorption.

Doctors Best High Absorption Iron with Ferrochel is a dietary supplement that contains chelated iron to help increase bioavailability. It also contains vitamin C to help boost absorption and reduce the chance of side effects. Other ingredients include cellulose, croscarmellose sodium, magnesium stearate (vegetable source), silicon dioxide and coating (hypromellose, cellulose, glycerin). This product is free of gluten and wheat.

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